17TH Mexican Caribbean Species ; Gray Snapper (Lutjanus Griseus) Or Mangrove Snapper

Cancun Tarpon; Gustavo Silva Mendoza

In a delivery most of this series, we will now discuss the gray snapper or pargo de manglar, which is perhaps one of the species of snapper to be found most frequently in the Mexican Caribbean area and even in the Gulf of Mexico, is of interest both for sport and for commercial fishing fishing.

Sport fishing is one of the species that we can more easily find, in different conditions and areas that we usually attend sport fishermen, is also a good fighter, and in where you find one, you will usually find several more.

It is part of the family of snapper or snapers in English, and although it is not one of the representatives of this family which is characterized by something, especially if it is important because it has a wide distribution, and because you can be fishing that will save the day, as for their habits we can find easily in areas presenting even one both fishing pressure as vessels traffic high. In some places called “mangrove snapper” because it is in this environment where moving in relatively large schools as they are fingerlings and juveniles.


This species can be found only in the Atlantic and Caribbean Sea from the United States, on the coast of the State of Massachusetts to the coast of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil in the South, passing through the Caribbean Sea, West Indies, and the coast of the Atlantic water sub tropical and tropical, being of very wide distribution and populations still considered high.

When young people can be found in areas of low water and grasslands, estuaries and canals, under docks and mangroves not very deep, curiously areas with density and human population, you can get and stay in schools to become adults. Usually the shoals of juveniles are many specimens, that develop Iran spreading; Once adults migrate to deeper areas, usually in areas of reef sea, rocks and not very deep turfgrass areas that already are not maintained as large schools, being able to find some examples together, but not very abundant. In the areas of reef is where we can find them even in schools because they take advantage of the protection and nourishment of the reef, allowing them to remain as a community.

Characteristics and morphology:

Presents a reddish-gray color, and a mask that is very noticeable in juveniles, also presenting a black stripe in the tail which is very noticeable in the same youth. They are generally color red on the fins and gray on the sides, featuring soft orange red coloration when they are young and gray when adult. They present a line of bright blue in the dark band (mask) who loses the grow.

As all the snapper family snapper has a pair of canines, well-developed, fangs that serve to secure prey to hunt, is a predator that usually eat other small fish and even of the same species.

It has 10 spines followed by 13-14 spokes soft dorsal fin, which remains widespread and up to the base of the tail, 3 Annals spines followed by 7-8 soft radios that are broad and end at the base of the tail. His head is sharp and thin, has a pair of pectoral fins with a thick spine followed by soft rays, the fins very near the operculum and they are generally elongated body.

Its maximum recorded size is 80 centimeters and can get to weigh up to 20 kilograms, are usually an average of 40 cm and this is the common size for the adults of the species.

Records in some places in which found them in fresh water, in rivers and lakes that are occasionally communicated to the sea, and can adapt to environments confined with freshwater, are what makes them highly adaptable to adverse conditions. They are nocturnal, usually feed at night and they can consume smaller fish, shrimps, crabs, squid, zooplankton and many other organisms, so you adapt to different environments with relative ease.

It is a species that importance and relevance to commercial fishing and catch him in different places with nets, Harpoon and hooks since it is one of the species of commercial value that is eaten in many places by the characteristics of their meat.

For fishing:

Being a predator that has a very broad diet, we can use almost any kind of lure, minnows, erasers in many ways, poppers, bucktails, rolling and rotating spoons and will have the opportunity to capture them. Personally I like to use small grubs in yellow, red with white head or white with red head, looking for there to be a strong contrast and that seems like the Snappers. Launches our lure near the mangrove, or under the shadow of springs or on the sides of submerged structures where are generally protected and they can be found. In breakwaters must launch along the breakwater, i.e. in parallel to it because it is more like an opportunistic Predator: “If you pass near, attacks him” but rare time pursued, except when you are great. Fishing is fun because they are good fighters, and if we can hook one surely there is more in the same area.

If we use Bucktails, we also find contrasting colors and we can recover them with small jerks but in general they work very well with a not-very-fast steady recovery, the bucktails can add them one rubber, like a grub from about 3 inches to contrasting with the hair of the lure, for example, if the hair is white, then put a yellow rubber Orange, red or even black or purple.

When to attack the lure they do it quickly, and immediately begin a career to return to the school if they are small or for searching their hideout now larger, and at that moment we must try out of balance by moving our cane towards the opposite side trying to make him change direction, since if we for example, low a dock It will be very easy for us to enredemos in the same posts.

Large specimens are often confused with Cubera snapper, however their basic differences occur in the coloration of skin, the size of its tail, the shape of the head and tusks, which are much larger and thick in the bucket that in other Snappers.

This is a good example that we can find when we don’t have many other options and it can well do us the day of fishing!